The Law came by Moses but Grace and Truth came by Jesus Christ.
"For of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace. For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth were realized through Jesus Christ." John 1:16-17
There are the Ten Commandments as written on stone (lapis lazuli) by the finger of God two times! Exodus 20
1 And the Lord spoke all these words:
2 I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
3 (ONE) Thou shalt not have strange gods before me.
4 (TWO)Thou shalt not make to thyself a graven thing, nor the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, nor of those things that are in the waters under the earth.
5 Thou shalt not adore them, nor serve them: I am the Lord thy God, mighty, jealous, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me:
6 And shewing mercy unto thousands to them that love me, and keep my commandments.
7 (THREE) Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that shall take the name of the Lord his God in vain.
8 (FOUR) Remember that thou keep holy the sabbath day.
9 Six days shalt thou labour, and shalt do all thy works.
10 But on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: thou shalt do no work on it, thou nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy beast, nor the stranger that is within thy gates.
11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and the sea, and all things that are in them, and rested on the seventh day: therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it.
12 (FIVE) Honour thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest be long-lived upon the land which the Lord thy God will give thee.
13 (SIX) Thou shalt not kill.
14 (SEVEN)Thou shalt not commit adultery.
15 (EIGHT) Thou shalt not steal.
16 (NINE) Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
17 (TEN) Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house: neither shalt thou desire his wife, nor his servant, nor his handmaid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is his.
Then there another 613 precepts, directives and laws. Though we know that the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set us free from the law of sin and death we also know that without this Gospel the law is like a schoolmaster that lets us know all have sinned and come short of the glory of God. None is righteous - no not one and if any man says he has no sin he deceives himself and the truth is not in him. Jesus didn't come to destroy the law but to fulfill it. The law of the Lord is perfect in and of itself but impossible to obey as long as we are not living in the revelation of Jesus full of grace and truth, come to redeem us from the penalty of the law - death! He paid the full demand of the law for all who believe in their heart and confess with their mouth the Lordship of Jesus. Alleluia!
But some are curious - so here is the wikopedia list of the 613 'Laws of Moses' according to the widely accepted Rabbi 'emeritus' Maimonides.
Although there have been many attempts to codify and enumerate the commandments contained in the Torah, the most traditional enumeration is Maimonides'. The 613 commandments include "positive commandments", to perform an act (mitzvot aseh), and "negative commandments", to abstain from certain acts (mitzvot lo taaseh). The negative commandments number 365, which coincides with the number of days in the solar year, and the positive commandments number 248, a number ascribed to the number of bones and main organs in the human body (Babylonian Talmud, Makkot 23b-24a)
Maimonides' listThe following are the 613 commandments and the source of their derivation from the Hebrew Bible as enumerated by Maimonides:
[show]Maimonides' list sorted by occurrence in the Torah
Significance of 613
[De Rouwdagen] De treurdagen (The mourning days) by Jan Voerman (nl), ca 1884 According to the Talmud (tractate Makkoth 23b), Deut. 33:04 is to be interpreted to mean that Moses transmitted the "Torah" from God to the Israelites: "Moses commanded us the Torah as an inheritance for the community of Jacob".
The Talmud notes that the Hebrew numerical value (gematria) of the word "Torah" is 611, and combining Moses's 611 commandments with the first two of the Ten Commandments which were the only ones heard directly from God, adds up to 613. The Talmud attributes the number 613 to Rabbi Simlai, but other classical sages who hold this view include Rabbi Simeon ben Azzai (Sifre, Deuteronomy 76) and Rabbi Eleazar ben Yose the Galilean (Midrash Aggadah to Genesis 15:1). It is quoted in Midrash Shemot Rabbah 33:7, Bamidbar Rabbah 13:15–16; 18:21 and Talmud Yevamot 47b.
Many Jewish philosophical and mystical works (e.g. by Baal ha-Turim, the Maharal of Prague and leaders of Hasidic Judaism) find allusions and inspirational calculations relating to the number of commandments.
The tzitzit ("knotted fringes") of the tallit ("[prayer] shawl") are connected to the 613 commandments by interpretation: principal Torah commentator Rashi bases the number of knots on a gematria: the word tzitzit (Hebrew: ציצת (Biblical), ציצית, in its Mishnaic spelling) has the value 600. Each tassel has eight threads (when doubled over) and five sets of knots, totalling 13. The sum of all numbers is 613. This reflects the concept that donning a garment with tzitzit reminds its wearer of all Torah commandments.
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